following information is designed to help those of you who are new
to air rifle shooting.
first thing you will need to do before looking at purchasing any
shooting outfit is to familiarize yourself with the current
legislation involved in owning and shooting an air rifle in your
the air rifle is the most important piece of equipment,
the air rifle combination kit is split into five basic categories.
rifles can separated into many different groups, but one of the
most obvious differences during use, is between those rifles that
Recoil and those rifles that are Recoilless:
rifles move sharply during the firing cycle, making them less
forgiving to shoot. To shoot a recoiling rifle accurately,
techniques must be learned to compensate for the recoil of the
gun. Learning and improving these skills is all part of the hobby,
and a huge amount of satisfaction can be gained from learning how
to get the best performance from your rifle.
Rifles are usually spring piston powered.
manufacture gas ram piston design rifles, which do not recoil as
much as coil spring rifles.
of recoiling rifles:
to load, generally cheaper and lighter in weight
need for an external power source
of recoiling rifles:
a rule only single shot.
recoil of the rifle makes good marksmanship all the more
rifles are either pumped up (like a Sheridan ProHunter), powered
by a Co2 capsule (like a Crosman Ratcatcher) or filled with
compressed air from a diving bottle or stirrup pump, these
rifles have a cylinder fitted to them where the air is stored and
used for each shot.
of recoilless rifles:
no movement during the firing cycle which makes them more
forgiving to shoot.
many cases available as a multi shot.
when a silencer is fitted.
of recoilless rifles:
is generally low powered and less efficient than compressed air.
Ideal for close range or back garden use though.
pump rifles are more time consuming to load and require some
effort to pump them to full power.
pneumatics require additional equipment to fill the gunís
cylinder with air. This equipment is either a divers bottle or a
stirrup pump, which to the beginner adds to the set up price.
system also requires either access to a diving shop to have the
bottle refilled or in the case of the pump a degree of physical
the beginner scopes look very complicated, and when you take a
look at the Telescopic
Sights section on the web site you will see a vast array of
numbers for each model.
an example if we take a 4 x 32 scope the number four equates to
how many times closer the object you are viewing becomes when
viewed through the scope.
number 32 equates to the size in mm of the front lens, also known
as the objective lens.
theory behind the objective lens is that the bigger this lens, the
brighter the image will be when viewed through the scope.There
are however other factors to consider, such as lens quality, that
makes one scope brighter than another.When
looking at a 3-9 x 40 as an example of zoom scopes, the number
forty is once again the size of the objective lens. The numbers
3-9 mean that when the image is viewed through the scope and the
3-9 zoom (located at the rear of the scope) is adjusted the image
will move from 3x closer all the way through to 9x closer
sights have adjusters fitted to them that enable the scope to be
set up in such a way that the pellet will impact on the target at
the same point where the cross hair also appears on the target.
These adjusters are generally called turrets.
top turret adjusts the cross hair up or down depending on which
way the turret is turned .
side turret will adjust the cross hair left or right depending on
which way it is turned.
is only a basic guide for telescopic sights and you will find as
your shooting develops so too will your knowledge and
understanding of them.
will also be updating this section periodically with more in-depth
information on reticles, parallax, turrets and lenses.
are a very important piece of your equipment that enable the air
rifle and telescopic sight to work together as one.
are available in many different sizes and generally the bigger the
objective lens the higher the mount required.
long as you use good quality mounts that are fastened together
with allen bolts from
a quality manufacturer you can not really go wrong.
is required to enable you to carry your air rifle in a public
place and will offer a good degree of protection from the
elements. The thicker the lining of the gun bag, the more
protection it will offer your equipment.
you attach a silencer to your rifle, decide on the correct length
bag to accommodate this to avoid having to detach it during trips.
considering which gun bag to purchase, think about the accessories
you will be carrying with you. If you need storage space for
pellets, spare air cylinders, targets, etc make sure you choose a
bag that can accommodate these.
straps to secure your rifle are a useful option on many bags, as
are rucksack-style carry straps.
cases offer the ultimate protection but can be unwieldy to store
in car boots, so measure up before you buy!
store an air rifle in a gun bag as it will rust.
to a good quality lead round head pellet from the likes of
H&N, Air Arms, Crosman or Daystate and you cannot go wrong.
Experiment with any of these brands and you will find a least one
that will perform incredibly well.
point pellets are generally used for close to medium range hunting
as they impart a lot of force on impact.
head pellets are popular for paper target shooting as they punch
the target cleanly and make it easier to work out your scores.
pellets are used as they are supposed to give more penetration on
impact. They are not as accurate as roundhead pellets as they are
not as ballistically efficient.
hope this brief guide will be of help in choosing your first air
rifle. Over the coming weeks this page will be added to with more
information and topics relevant to air rifle shooting for
beginners. Below is a selection of questions and answers that will
familiarise you with some off the general terms used in air gunning,
if you require any more help or information please email or call
the shop as we will be more than happy to help.
AIR RIFLE FAQs
air rifle can I purchase?
Any air rifle that does not does not exceed 12ft/lbs of
This is the maximum power an air rifle is allowed to produce in England, Scotland
and Wales without a firearms certificate (F.A.C).
What is fps?
Feet Per Second (fps),is the velocity or speed a pellet travels at
when leaving the muzzle of a rifle. The muzzle is the end of the
Can I have more power than 12ft/lbs?
Only if you apply for a firearms certificate from your local
constabulary, without this you are breaking the law and could face
a heavy fine or end up in prison.
What is calibre?
The size of the bore
or hole running through the centre of the barrel. In .22 calibre
the rifle will require a .22 pellet, in .177 calibre, a .177
What does this all mean to me?
In real terms a .22cal(.22 of an inch in imperial,5.5mm metric.) the
muzzle velocity equates to around 600fps.In .177cal(.177 of an
inch imperial,4.5mm metric.) the muzzle velocity equates to around
800fps depending on pellet weight.
How does pellet weight make a difference?
Pellets are weighed in grains, the heavier the pellet the slower
it travels. That is why .177 flies faster than .22
What are the best pellets?
Round headed pellets made of lead have excellent all round accuracy. Stick
to a good quality pellet from the following manufacturers; Air arms, Daystate, Crosman, H+N
What calibre is best?
.22cal is generally preferred for hunting as it has good hitting
power.177 is generally preferred for target shooting as it flies
faster and flatter than a .22 cal. Depending on preference both
calibres are suitable for hunting.
How do I work out ft/lbs?
Velocity (fps) x
Velocity (fps) x Pellet weight (grains) equals
form of energy measurement.12ft/lbs equals 16 joules.
can I shoot?
any air rifle club in the country or on land where you have prior
written permission from the landowner.
I shoot in my garden?
as long as the pellets do not leave your property and you are more
than 50 feet away from the centre of a public highway and are not
causing a nuisance to your neighbours.
an air rifle powerful enough to hunt with?
rifle producing just under 12ft/lbs at the muzzle in .22cal will
still produce around 7-8ft/lbs at 40 yards and it will take just
3-4ft/lbs of energy to kill a rabbit providing you only go for
head shots, there is to much margin for error when aiming for the
the air rifle be accurate enough?
air rifles are more than capable of hitting a 50pence piece at 30
yards or more in the right hands. Set your rifle at 35 yards with
a scope fitted and youíre more than covered, providing your
marksmanship is good enough.
can I hunt?
most popular quarry for air gunners are rabbits, crows, magpies, feral
and wood pigeon, collared doves, rats and the jay
rifle should I buy for hunting?
really is down to personal preference, as long as the rifle is
producing between 10.5 and 11.5 ft/lbs and is accurate enough it
can be used for hunting.
rifle should I buy for target shooting?
you want to shoot field
target you will generally need a recoilless rifle also known as a
pre charged pneumatic in .177calibre.
scope should I buy?
a hunting perspective anything from a 4x32 upwards will suffice.
As a rule though the minimum is a 3-9x40 zoom scope.
scope should I use for field target shooting?
high magnification range finding scope with an absolute minimum of
18 mag is generally required although some shooters will shoot
with scopes that are 50 magnification. The higher magnification
the more precise the range calculation will be.
ability to bring an image being viewed through a scope closer
( 4x32 brings an image 4 times closer. 3-9 brings an image from 3x
closer all the way through to 9x closer.)
do turrets on a scope do?
adjust the crosshair up, down, left or right so when set up at a
desired range the pellet impacts at the same point on the target
as where the crosshair is being placed on the target.
is range fi
ability to look at a target at an unknown distance on high
magnification and use the pre set up range finding or parallax
adjustment ring to work out the distance in yards or metres.
through a scope and you will see a cross made up of vertical line
and a horizontal line, where these lines meet is where the pellet
should impact on the target when
the rifle and the scope have been set up or zeroed in
is zeroing in?
the crosshair to line up with the impact point of the pellet on
the target at the desired range of the shooter.
do I use the parallax adjustment on my scope?
briefly, set the range on the dial (usually written on the scope
dial from 10yards to infinity in varying increments) to the range
at which you are shooting.
will achieve two things: A reduction / elimination of parallax
error and it will focus the scope clearly on the object you are
is parallax error?
is the apparent movement of the scope crosshair on the object you
are looking at. This is caused by looking through the scope at an
angle other than directly through it. Shouldering your rifle
correctly will reduce this problem, or buying a scope that is
correctly parallaxed (30 yards setting for air rifles on a fixed
parallax scope) or setting the parallax dial for the exact range
you are shooting at.